QEMU/Devices/Sound cards

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Sound cards can be added easily to QEMU virtual machines easily through using -soundhw.

How to add a sound card

You can add a card with the following:\n

qemu-system-(arch) -soundhw (sound_card_model)

Devices

i386/x86-64

Model Name Bus Notes Minimum OS
ac97 Intel(r) 82801AA AC'97 PCI 64-bit versions of Windows 7 and later require a third-party driver for AC'97 support Windows: Windows 95
Linux: ?
DOS: Requires per-application support
adlib Yamaha YM3812/Adlib [OPL2] ISA Low-cost sound chip developed by Yahama, not useful outside of really old OSes Windows: Windows 3.1
Linux: ?
DOS: Requires per-application support
all All sound cards ISA/PCI Enables every single sound card N/A
cs4321a Crystal CS4321A ISA? Windows: Windows 3.1?
Linux: ?
DOS: ?
es1370 ENSONIQ AudioPCI ES1370 PCI PCI card from 1997, has DirectSound3D support, supports .ecw file format playback Windows: Windows 98
Linux: ?
DOS: ?
gus Gravis Ultrasound GF1 ISA Sound card from 1992, very popular demoscene card Windows: Windows 3.1
Linux: ?
DOS: Requires per-application support
hda Intel HD Audio PCI Supported natively since Windows XP SP3 (can be installed on Windows 2000 with a separate driver). This card is recommended for more modern Windows and Linux hosts, i.e. Windows 7+ or Debian 10+. Windows: Windows 2000
Linux: supported in nearly every modern distro
DOS: Requires per-application support
pcspk PC Speaker None Generic PC speaker, works on everything All
sb16 SoundBlaster 16 ISA Very popular and famous card from the early 1990s - most emulators, including QEMU, support this card. It is recommended for use in older hosts, such as Windows 98, Debian 5, or DOS. All