QEMU/Devices/Machines

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QEMU can emulate several types of machines. A machine is specified by adding the -M <machine model> to QEMU. Do not use a lowercase m because that is used to specify the amount of memory that will be given to the virtual machine.

How to set a machine[edit]

You can set a machine by doing the following:

qemu-system-(arch) -M (machine)

QEMU can emulate a lot of machines. This page will try and document most of them but it's probably best to do -M ? to QEMU and see whats available.

Machines[edit]

This list is incomplete.

i386/x86_64[edit]

Model Name Description
pc Standard PC (i440FX + PIIX, 1996) This is the default machine. This machine emulates a PC from circa 1996, although this doesn't hinder its ability to run newer operating systems or emulate newer CPUs. If you want more stability, it is recommended to use this.
q35 Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009) This is another machine in QEMU which emulates a PC from circa 2009. This machine is faster and more efficient, and takes up less resources but at a slight cost of stability (very rarely Windows 7 or Linux will crash at startup, but it will usually boot back up). This is recommended for Windows 10 as it makes it much faster. Note: Windows XP and below cannot be installed on this machine because the setup will crash with a BSOD.
isapc ISA-only PC This PC emulates a "retro" style PC that does not have a PCI bus.
xenfv Xen Fully-virtualized PC
xenpv Xen Para-virtualized PC
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

Aarch64[edit]

Model Name Description
akita Sharp Zaurus SL-C1000 PDA (PXA270) The Sharp Zaurus SL-C1000 was a PDA very popular in Japan during the 1990s. The SL-C1000 came bundled with 64 MB of SDRAM, a 128 MB Flash ROM, and an Intel XScale CPU.
ast2500-evb ASPEED AST2500 EVB (ARM1176) ASPEED AST2500 EVB ARM board
borozi Sharp Zaurus SL-C3100 PDA (S3C2410A, ARM920T) Sharp Zaurus SL-C3100 PDA from June 2005. It comes with 128 MB of internal flash memory, 64 MB of SDRAM and a Intel XScale PXA270 CPU.
canon-a1100 Canon PowerShot A1100 IS The Canon PowerShot A1100IS is a digital camera released in 2009.
cheetah Palm Tungsten E (OMAP310) The Palm Tungsten E was a Palm OS-based PDA from Palm, Inc released in October 2003. It has 32 MB of memory and a Texas Instruments OMAP310 ARM processor. It runs Palm OS 5.2.1.
collie Sharp Zaurus SL-5500 PDA (SA-1110) Sharp Zaurus SL-5500 PDA from November 2002. It comes with 16 MB of flash ROM, 64 MB of SDRAM, and a Intel StrongARM SA-1110 CPU.
connex Gumstix Connex (PXA255) Gumstix Connex board from 2005. 16 MB flash memory
cubieboard CubieTech Cubieboard A CubieTech Cubieboard from 2012, featuring a Cortex CPU.
emcraft-sf2 SmartFusion2 SOM kit from Emcraft (M2S010)
highbank Calxeda Highbank (ECX-1000)
imx25-pdk ARM i.MX25 PDK board (ARM926)
integratorcp ARM Intergrator/CP (ARM1136) The Integrator/CP is a compact development platform.
kzm ARM KZM Emulation Baseboard (ARM1136)
lm3s6965evb Stellaris® LM3S6965 The Stellaris LM3S6965 microcontroller is based on the ARM Cortex M3 controller core. It operates at 50 Mhz and comes with 256 kB of flash memory and 64 kB SRAM.
LM3S811EVB Stellaris® LM3S811 The Stellaris LM3S811 microcontroller is based on the ARM Cortex M3 controller core. It operates at 50 Mhz and comes with 64 kB of flash memory and 8 kB SRAM.
raspi2 Raspberry Pi 2 Raspberry Pi 2 board from February 2015.
raspi3 Raspberry Pi 3 Raspberry Pi 3 board from February 2016.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

Alpha[edit]

Model Name Description
clipper Alpha DP264/CLIPPER A DEC Alpha DP264 ("CLIPPER") board.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

ARM[edit]

Model Name Description
raspi2 Raspberry Pi 2 Raspberry Pi 2 board
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

CRIS[edit]

Model Name Description
axis-dev88 AXIS Devboard 88 AXIS Dev88 embedded system
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

HPPA[edit]

Model Name Description
hppa HPPA Generic Generic HPPA machine
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

LatticeMico32[edit]

Model Name Description
lm32-evr LatticeMico32 EVR32
milkymist Milkymist One Milkymist One video synthesizer machine
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

Motorola 68k[edit]

Model Name Description
mcf5208evb MCF5208EVB
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

MIPS[edit]

Model Name Description
malta MIPS Malta Core LV MIPS Malta board
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

MIPS64[edit]

Model Name Description
magnum MIPS Magnum MIPS Magnum R4000 machine from April 1992. It used ARC firmware on the Jazz platform. This machine can run Windows NT 3.5 - 4.0 SP1 and some Linux distributions.
malta MIPS Malta Core LV MIPS Malta board
pica61 Acer Pica 61 Acer PICA-61 machine from circa 1993. It used ARC firmware on the Jazz platform, similar to the MIPS Magnum line of workstations.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

MIPS64el[edit]

Model Name Description
boston MIPS Boston Imagination Technologies MIPS Boston development board.
magnum MIPS Magnum MIPS Magnum R4000 machine from April 1992. It used ARC firmware on the Jazz platform. This machine can run Windows NT 3.5 - 4.0 SP1 and some Linux distributions.
malta MIPS Malta Core LV MIPS Malta board
pica61 Acer Pica 61 Acer PICA-61 machine from circa 1993. It used ARC firmware on the Jazz platform, similar to the MIPS Magnum line of workstations.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

MIPSel[edit]

Model Name Description
malta MIPS Malta Core LV MIPS Malta board
speedport T-Com Speedport T-Com Speedport board
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

Moxie[edit]

Model Name Description
moxiesim Moxie simulator platform Moxie simulator board
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

Nios2[edit]

Model Name Description
10m50-ghrd Altera 10M50 GHRD Nios II design 10m50 dev board
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

OR1K/OpenRISC 1000[edit]

Model Name Description
or1k-sim OR1K Simulation Board
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

PowerPC[edit]

Model Name Description
g3beige Beige Power Mac G3 A Beige Power Mac G3 machine from 1997. It is capable of running Mac OS X 10.2 and earlier.
mac99 Sawtooth Power Mac G4 A Sawtooth Power Mac G4 machine from 1999. It is capable of running Mac OS 9.0 to Mac OS X 10.5.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

PowerPC 64[edit]

Model Name Description
g3beige Beige Power Mac G3 A Beige Power Mac G3 machine from 1997. It is capable of running Mac OS X 10.2 and earlier.
mac99 Sawtooth Power Mac G4 A Sawtooth Power Mac G4 machine from 1999. It is capable of running Mac OS 9.0 to Mac OS X 10.5.
pseries-2.12 pSeries Logical Partition (PAPR compliant)
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

RISC-V 32[edit]

Model Name Description
spike_v1.10 RISC-V Spike Board (Privileged ISA)
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

SuperH[edit]

Model Name Description
shix shix card
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

System/390[edit]

Model Name Description
s390-ccw-virtio VirtIO-ccw based S390 machine v2.12
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

SPARC[edit]

Model Name Description
SPARCBook SPARCBook (sun4m) SPARCBooks were a series of SPARC-based laptops released circa 1992 by Tadpole Computers.
SS-4 SPARCstation 4 (sun4m) The SPARCstation 4 is a Sun Microsystems workstation introduced in 1995 to provide a cheaper alternative to the SPARCstation 5.
SS-5 SPARCstation 5 (sun4m) The SPARCstation 5 is a Sun Microsystems workstation released in March 1994. Capable of running Solaris 1 - 8, most BSD systems ported to SPARC, and most Linux distributions ported to SPARC.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

SPARC64[edit]

Model Name Description
niagra Niagara (sun4v) UltraSPARC T1-like machine from 2005. Capable of booting Solaris 10 and HelenOS
sun4u sun4u Sun4u based machine
sun4v sun4v Sun4v based machine
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

TriCore[edit]

Model Name Description
tricore_testboard TriCore Testboard A TriCore Test board.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.

UniCore32[edit]

Model Name Description
tricore_testboard PKUnity Version-3 PKUnity Version-3 based on UniCore32.
none None Empty machine that only has the QEMU Monitor.